Northern Kentucky Adoption
There are many different types of adoptions. Under Kentucky law, no matter what type of adoption, the adoptive family must reside in Kentucky for at least twelve (12) months prior to filing a Petition For Adoption. The Petition For Adoption must be filed in the county in which the adoptive parent(s) reside(s).
Types of Kentucky Adoptions:
Adult Adoptions in Northern Kentucky
This includes the adoptions of a person over the age of eighteen (18). Kentucky law allows for the adoption of an adult person in the same manner provided by law and with the same legal effect as the adoption of a child. In these situations, the adoptive parent is still the petitioning party in the adoption, and the only consent that is required is that of the adult to be adopted.
Foster Parent and Cabinet for Health & Family Services Adoptions in Northern Kentucky
Foster families may, in some cases, have the opportunity to adopt their foster children if the birth parents' parental rights have been terminated by a court and the Cabinet for Health and Family Services consents to the adoption.
Independent Private Placement Adoption in Northern Kentucky
Independent private placement adoptions allow adoptive parents to avoid the expense of adoption agencies by privately and independently matching up with a birth mother or birth parents wishing to place their child for adoption. Even though an adoption agency is not used in the placement of the child, a home study is still required and written approval by the State of Kentucky is required before a Petition For Adoption can be filed. Once written approval is received from the State of Kentucky, the Petition For Adoption can be filed in the county where the adoptive parents live.
International Adoptions and Re-finalizations in Northern Kentucky
International adoptions can be tricky. The adoption is usually finalized abroad pursuant to the foreign country's laws and must be either re-finalized or registered in the United States upon returning with the child. Kentucky law allows for the registration of foreign adoption in situations where the child enters the United States under an IR-3 Visa and has been approved for United States citizenship upon entry into the United States. However, there are benefits to re-finalizing. When a child is not approved for U.S. citizenship upon entry, a Petition For Adoption must be filed after the child has resided in the home of the adoptive parents for at least ninety (90) days consecutively.
Private Agency Adoptions in Northern Kentucky
Some families interested in adoption are now seeking the assistance of private adoption agencies. If the agency is licensed by the State of Kentucky, it can place the child with the adoptive family, thus allowing a Petition For Adoption to be filed at the time of placement. If the agency is not licensed in Kentucky, the Petition For Adoption cannot be filed until the child has resided in the home for at least ninety (90) days.
Same Sex Adoptions in Northern Kentucky
Since Kentucky law does not yet recognize marriage between same sex couples, many legal difficulties arise as same set couples decide to adopt. Kentucky law allows for two people to be listed in an adoption only if they are a married couple. In situations where same sex couples choose to adopt children, both parents cannot be listed since they are not yet recognized by Kentucky as being married.
Step-parent, Grandparent, or other Relative Adoptions in Northern Kentucky
If the adoptive parent is related to the child as a stepparent, grandparent, sister, brother, aunt, uncle, great-grandparent, great-aunt, or great-uncle, the process is much easier since an agency is not required and a home study is not required. The Petition For Adoption can be filed after the child has resided continuously with the adoptive family for ninety (90) days. If the birth parents' parental rights have not been terminated by a court, their consent is required. However, the adoptive parents may ask the court to involuntarily terminate the birth parents' parental rights within the adoption proceeding if certain factors are shown.
6900 Houston Road, Suite 43
Florence, Kentucky 41042
P: (859) 578-6600
P: (859) 916–5882
F: (859) 578–6609